Accountability is composed of four key elements:

1. Clear goals that identify the desired results.
2. Sound assessment that measures the outcomes.

3. Analysis of the assessment data to determine if goals are met and to identify areas for improvement.

4. Incentives for success and consequences or interventions in cases of failure.


Supplemental Education Services Accountability Framework

AW developed an accountability framework to assist states in fulfilling their responsibility to design and implement evaluations of supplemental education services (SES) providers under the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Evaluation of such providers is challenging for a variety of reasons, including the division of administrative responsibilities among federal/state/local agencies, the diversity among providers, and the wide range academic needs among participating students. The Framework is available below for download.

Supplemental Services Accountability Framework

The framework was shared with state and local administrators at a conference session on SES accountability. The presentation is available below.

SES Accountability Framework PPT

Redesign of Illinois Assessment and Accountability System

AW assisted a task force led by the Illinois state superintendent in redesigning the state assessment and accountability system in order to better meet state needs, while also addressing compliance with federal requirements. The task force, which met on a near monthly basis for a year, included representatives of key stakeholders, including the state business community, teacher associations, school administrators, school boards and others. The end result was a replacement of the previous state assessment with a completely new approach, as well as modifications to many state accountability policies and reports. In addition, AW provided technical assistance to a subgroup of the task force the reviewed the state alternative assessment.

Other Resources

National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)  has expanded the State Education Reforms (SER) website. The SER website, which draws primarily on data collected by organizations other than NCES, compiles and disseminates data on state-level education reform efforts in four areas: (1) standards, assessment, and accountability, (2) school finance reforms, (3) resources for learning, and (4) state support for school choice options. To view the site, please visit:

NCES State Ed Reforms

Printer-friendly format